Ellen Moodie joined in solidarity with Central Americans in the 1980s. As a student at Indiana University, social-justice and anti-war movements inspired her to trace links between seemingly "ordinary" unmarked lives in Midwestern towns like hers, and events in the volcanic isthmus 2000 miles away. After college she worked for seven years as a daily newspaper journalist in Hudson County, New Jersey. She pounded the police beat, chronicled Garden State corruption--and reported on issues linked to Central American migrants and refugees. She first traveled to El Salvador in 1993 with a sister-cities group.
That same year she entered graduate school at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. There her desire to document and denounce war atrocities, and track the violent postwar transition, grew to embrace the basic questions of social change: "How and when do conditions for possibility arise for transformations in public consciousness?"
Her first book, El Salvador in the Aftermath of Peace: Crime, Uncertainty, and the Transition to Democracy (Pennsylvania 2010), follows the circulation of the phrase “It’s worse than the war” in the years since peace accords were signed in 1992. Her second book, Central America in the New Millennium: Living Transition and Re-imagining Democracy, co-edited with Jennifer L. Burrell (Berghahn 2013), gathers anthropologists who work throughout the isthmus to explore the post-Cold War transition. She has written for American Ethnologist, The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology, and Social Text, among other academic venues, and has contributed a number of chapters to edited volumes. Her national prominence as a scholar of Central America was marked by the publication in Annual Review of Anthropology of "The Post-Cold War Anthropology of Central America" (November 2015).
She teaches courses on Central America, violence, crime, human rights, social theory, research methods, ethnographic fieldwork, ethnography through language, the history of anthropological theory, and the anthropology of the city. She has taught workshops on research and analytic methods in El Salvador (focused on violence and on gender), and plans a course on ethnographic methods in Cuba in 2016.
Her recent external awards and academic recognitions feature a residential fellowship at the Freie Universität in Berlin (2014); a National Science Foundation grant (2010-2013), and a Wenner-Gren Foundation grant (2008). Over her anthropological career she has won support from Fulbright-Hays, the Social Science Research Council, the United States Institute for Peace, the Organization of American States, and the University of Michigan. At the U of I, she has received two faculty fellowships from the Illinois Program for Research in the Humanities (IPRH) (2014-15 and 2007-8): four Campus Research Board awards, including one designated as an Arnold O. Beckman Award (2015), as well as a Humanities Release Time award (2013), and the Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Humanities (2003-5).
Professionally, she has served as the secretary and then co-chair of the Central America section of the Latin American Studies Association (2009-2014), and a councilor for the Society for Urban, National and Transnational Anthropology of the American Anthropological Association. She is involved in the El Salvador Studies Working Group and the Editorial Board for El Faro Academico in El Salvador.
Her public engagement continues long after leaving daily newspaper work. Most recently, she co-organized a national campaign in August 2014 to petition the Obama administration to treat as refugees Central American unaccompanied minors in custody after crossing the U.S.-Mexico border (allowing them the right to petition for asylum in the U.S. courts). She has given numerous interviews and provided background information to journalists regarding Salvadoran elections (March 2014) and Central American migrant crisis (July and August 2014), and she was featured in an interview on the Central American migrant-border “crisis” for “A Minute with...” feature of University of Illinois News Bureau, July 18, 2014 (see https://news.illinois.edu/view/6367/198441). She has written affidavits for, and has testified in, asylum cases for Salvadorans and other Central Americans fleeing violence and insecurity in their countries.
Specializations / Research Interest(s)
- Post-conflict political transitions; Central America, especially El Salvador; political subjectivities, expression, and affect; democracy and social movements; violence, trauma, and human rights; crime, criminalization, and insecurity; structures of inequalities (focused on class, race, and gender); middle classes; youth movements; anthropology of the city; semiosis and narrative; ethnographic methods and writing.
Ellen Moodie’s research focuses on post-conflict political processes. In her first major project she studied after-effects of war and experiences of postwar violence in urban El Salvador. She considered social suffering as shared and shaped in everyday storytelling. She theorized how people's relationships with the state transformed in a much-lauded transition to neoliberal "market democracy." She has tallied more than six years of ethnographic research in Central America since 1993, including a year's sabbatical in El Salvador in 2012-2103.
Her current interest engages what she calls the “post-postwar generation” of activist middle-class youth in El Salvador, a group that has come of age with little or no memory of the country’s twelve-year civil war (1980-1992). She has also collaborated on a project on "post-insurgent subjectivities" among former guerrilla combatants in rural eastern El Salvador, studied short-term Christian mission and service travel, and analyzed sensationalism in mass media.
She takes an ethnographic approach to her research. She engages in long-term participant observation, joins in everyday conversations and conversational interviews, interviews public officials and experts as well as many "ordinary" people, scrutinizes mass media coverage and policy debates, and examines archival records. Her analysis draws broadly from the insights of semiotic and linguistic anthropology.
- Ph.D., University of Michigan (2002)
- M.A., University of Michigan (1997)
- B.A., Indiana University (1985)
- Central America in the New Millennium: Living Transition and Reimagining Democracy. . Ed. Jennifer L. Burrell and Ellen Moodie. New York/Amsterdam: Berghahn/CEDLA, 2013.
- Moodie, Ellen. El Salvador in the Aftermath of Peace: Crime, Uncertainty and the Transition to Democracy. . Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.
- Moodie, Ellen, and Juan Martínez D'Aubuisson. "En las llamas de la paz: La quema de un microbús en y los significados de la violencia." Violencia en tiempos de la paz: conflictividad y criminalización en El Salvador. . Ed. Oscar Melendez and Adrian Bergmann. San Salvador, El Salvador: Secretaría de Cultura de la Presidencia de El Salvador, Dirección Nacional de Investigaciones en Cultura y Arte, 2015.
- Moodie, Ellen. "Unknowing the Other: A Short Essay on Criminalization through Narrative in Postwar El Salvador." Post-Conflict Studies: An Interdisciplinary Approach. . Ed. Chip Gagnon and Keith Brown. New York: Routledge, 2014.
- Moodie, Ellen. "Untellable Stories and the Limits of Solidarity in a Sister Community Relationship." International Volunteer Tourism: Critical Reflections on Good Works in Central America. . Ed. Abigail Adams and Katherine Borland. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
- Moodie, Ellen, and Jennifer L. Burrell. "Introduction: Ethnographic Visions of Millennial Central America." Central America in the New Millennium: Living Transition and Reimagining Democracy. . Ed. Ellen Moodie and Jennifer L. Burrell. New York/Amsterdam: Berghahn/CEDLA, 2013.
- Moodie, Ellen. "Democracy, Disenchantment and the Future in El Salvador." Central America in the New Millennium: Living Transition and Reimagining Democracy. . Ed. Jennifer L. Burrell and Ellen Moodie. New York/Amsterdam: Berghahn/CEDLA, 2013.
- Moodie, Ellen. "“Es peor que la guerra": Historias de crimen en la posguerra y recuerdos de la guerra en El Salvador." Las figuras del enemigo: Alteridad y conflictos en Centroamérica. . Ed. Gilles Bataillon and Benjamin Moallic. San Salvador, El Salvador: Dirección National de Investigaciones de la Secretaria de la Cultura y Universidad Evangelica, 2012.
- Moodie, Ellen. "Dollars and Dolores in Postwar El Salvador." Encounters with Money. . Ed. Allison Truitt and Stefan Senders. Oxford, U.K.: Berg Publishers, 2007. 43-55.
- Moodie, Ellen. "Como rastrear al delincuente salvadoreño a través del siglo veinte." Memoria del Primer Encuentro de Historia de El Salvador. . Ed. Margarita Silva and Carlos G. Lopez. San Salvador: CONCULTURA, 2005. 225-234.
- Moodie, Ellen. "El Capitán Cinchazo: Blood and Meaning in Postwar San Salvador." Landscapes of Struggle: Community, Politics and Society in El Salvador. . Ed. Aldo Lauria-Santiago and Leigh Binford. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, 2004. 226-244.
- Moodie, Ellen, and Jennifer L. Burrell. "Post-Cold War Anthropology in Central America." Annual Review of Anthropology 44 (2015):
- Moodie, Ellen. "Inequality and Intimacy between Sister Communities in El Salvador and the United States." Missiology: An International Review 41 (2013):
- Moodie, Ellen. "Seventeen Years, Seventeen Murders: The Production of Post-Cold War Knowledge in El Salvador." Social Text 99.Summer 2009 (2009): 77-103.
- Moodie, Ellen. "Wretched Bodies, White Marches and the CuatroVision Public in El Salvador." Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology Forthcoming (2009):
- Moodie, Ellen. " Microbus Crashes and Coca-Cola Cash: The Value of Death in 'Free-Market' El Salvador." American Ethnologist 32.1 (2006): 63-80.